Dr. Kibeom Lee
Department of Psychology
University of Calgary

The Origin and Development of the HEXACO Model of Personality

Many psychological investigations have adopted the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of Personality, which posits that personality variation can be summarized by five independent dimensions. In this presentation, I will review the evidence from lexical studies of personality, which shows the consistent emergence of a common set of six—not just five—personality factors (see Ashton et al., 2004; Lee & Ashton, 2008). Then I will describe a newer six-dimensional model of personality based on this evidence named the HEXACO Model of Personality, which contains factors known as Honesty-Humility (H), Emotionality (E), eXtraversion (X), Agreeableness (A), Conscientiousness (C), and Openness to Experience (O).

One of the most distinguishing characteristics of the model is the addition of Honesty-Humility (aka, the H factor), a factor whose defining content is not fully represented within the Five-Factor Model. I will discuss some of the empirical findings highlighting the importance of the H factor in predicting socially important criteria in work and non-work settings.